Monitoring, Research and conservation in corbett national park

Corbett is the site for three nationwide conservation projects aimed at saving prominent endangered species from extinction and providing a safe habitat for them. Preserving nature in all its mixture with minimum trouble by human activities and protecting endangered variety like tiger and elephant is indeed a challenging task. A lot additional effort goes into defending unique landscapes like Corbett than most people think. A limited staff of 400-odd permanent employees assisted by a temporary force of labourers works under tough conditions throughout the year to achieve this target. Management involves many concurrent activities that keep the Corbett staff more than occupied during the year.

Introduction

Corbett has aptly been described as the property of the Roar, Trumpet and Song. It represents a scene of incredible charm.
Corbett had the proud division of being chosen as the venue for the inauguration of Project Tiger in India. The rich biodiversity of the conserve is partly recognized to the diversity of habitat found here. Due to the locality of the Reserve in the foothills of the Central Himalayas both Himalayan and peninsular flora and fauna is found in the Reserve.
The grasslands are locally recognized as Chaurs, are limited. The largest grassland is the Dhikala Chaur. Some of the best grasslands counting the famous Buxar Chaur and the Beri Chaur got submerged under the Ramganga reservoir in 1974. The areas made accessible as a result of the relocation of The villages, Dhara, Jhirna and Kothirau in 1994 are being developed into grasslands through habitat management.

The Ramganga reservoir which formed in 1974 stretches in excess of a area of approximately 82 sq. km. with one half every in Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Corbett National Park.
The Corbett Tiger Reserve has a enormous diversity of fauna on account of habitation range. It is tremendously rich in avifauna. Zoological analysis of India has traced over 585 species of inhabitant and migratory birds here.

Monitoring & Research

Wildlife Population Estimation

Counting wild animals is necessary to observe their population. In Corbett a yearly census is carried out through summers to estimate the figures of main animal diversity to distinguish trends and decide the completion of organization carry out on wildlife. Dedicated counting of tigers is done each fourth year as part of an All India Tiger Census under Project Tiger. After the introduction of the Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972, an individual protection program focused on tiger defends afterward, additional protected regions were brought under the Project Tiger. It was predicted at over 4,000 according to the 1989 census was debatable. This was called Project Tiger.

Project Tiger was initiated on 1st April 1973 from Dhikala in Corbett National Park with the announcement of 9 tiger reserves (including Corbett).

Research

Research plays an essential role in the management of Corbett and adds implication to existing systematic information. Research institutions are confident to carry out surveys and long-term studies on endangered variety and the Corbett environment. Such studies produce outputs that are appropriate not only to Corbett but have a wider application about other secluded areas.

Conservation History

The Reserve area was called as 'Hailey National Park' in 1936. This was renamed in 1954-55 as 'RamgangaNational Park' and again in 1955-56 as 'CorbettNational Park'. Its the oldestNational Park ofIndia. It was one of the nine Tiger Reserves formed at the launch of the Project Tiger in 1973. The original region of the Park was 323.75 sq. km. to which 197.07 sq. km. was additional afterward. A quarter of 797.72 sq. km. was added as barrier of the Corbett Tiger preserve in 1991. This region includes the entire ofKalagarhForest separation (including 301.18 sq. km. area of Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary), 96.70 sq. km. ofRamnagarForest partition and 89 sq. km. The management power over the whole region is that of the Field administrator of the Reserve.

Subsequently, more confined areas were brought under the sunshade of Project Tiger and tiger inhabitants inIndiaapparently recovered. It was projected at over 4,000 according to the 1989 review.

While, the 1993 survey showed that there was a decline in information with the entirety standing at 3,750 tigers. The generally community in tiger reserves was comparatively secure but there was a noticeable fall in population that existed outside these reserves. One of the major reasons for this was an increase in international illegal trafficking of tiger parts, especially bones that are used in conventional Chinese and Korean tablets systems.

Over the years more areas were brought under Project Tiger and established as tiger treasury. Today there are 27 confirmed tiger funds casing more than 37,700 km2. Several more are estimated to be added to the list.



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