Landscapes and Geology of Corbett National Park

Corbett national park is lies in the Outer-Himalayan or Shiwalik region. Corbetts northern areas are wizened by the trivial Himalayan sequence, which extends from Pakistan, through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal, Uttarakhand, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, and to Arunachal. The smaller Himalayas are quite elevated, with an average altitude of 1800 m and are done of crystalline rocks. The flora includes cold-climate tree group like pine, oak, and rhododendron. Mountains recommend a huge variety of habitats due to difference in altitude, relief, and temperature. Subsequently, mountain plant and animal communities have exceptional description.

Terai-bhabar

The Terai-bhabar is an individual environmental area, residence to rare wildlife such as the tiger, rhino, elephant, sloth bear, and crucial atmosphere for over 500 bird variety. The southern boundary of Corbett flanks the ecologically essential terai-bhabar area the terai swamplands that lie additional south of bhabar. The terai is swampy and muggy, and contains several springs and slow-flowing streams. The bhabar region is porous because it consists mainly of gravel and boulders. The band of ground shirking the southern constituent of the Shiwaliks. It consists of thebhabar section, a slight restraint of sloping land situated at the external edge of Shiwaliks.

Duns

Connecting the Himalayan and Shiwalik mountain ranges recline extended valleys called duns. Duns are formed not due to corrosion but have a structural foundation. They are enclosed with boulders and stony originating from the corrosion of the Himalayas and the Shiwalik uplands. One such dun occurs in the northern half of Corbett. This is the Patli Dun and is the majority visible from Dhikala. Kanda, creature prominent in the Park, presents a panoramic sight of this valley.

(Contribution By Dr. Sandhya Rawat)



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