The park is located between 2925' to 2939'N latitude and 7844' to 7907'E longitude. The average height of the region ranges between 360 m (1,181 ft) and 1,040 m (3,412 ft). It has various ravines, ridges, minor streams and small plateaus with degrees of slopes and changeable aspects. The park covers the Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga river. It shields parts of the Upper Gangetic Plains. It has humid subtropical and raised ground weather. The present region of Corbett Tiger Reserve is 1,318.54 square kilometers including 520 square kilometers of middle area and 797.72 square kilometers of reduce area. The center area forms the Jim Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests area of 496.54 square kilometers as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary includes 301.18 square kilometers. The reserve, situated factually along a valley between the minor Himalaya in the north and the Siwaliks in the south, has a sub-Himalayan belt shape. The higher tertiary rocks are uncovered towards the foundation of the Shiwalik range and firm sandstone units form wide ridges. Characteristic longitudinal valleys, geologically phrased Doons or Duns can be seen shaped along the tapered tectonic zones between lineaments.
(Contribution By Sandhya Rawat)
Jim Corbett National Park has a mild type of weather. Corbet National Park also experiences the three different seasons like summer, winter and monsoon like the rest parts of India. The uncommon species of wildlife, which finds shelter in the wildlife reserve, is fit-adapted to these cyclic variations and heat. For the ease of both, the wildlife as well as the tourists, the park remains open between the months of November and June, which pleasingly is the best time to visit the park. However, to organize yourself for the trip, it is essential to be familiar with the weather and climatic situation of the place.
The summer season begins from the month of March and ends till mid-June. With the temperature crossing the 40o C (mark most of the times), the days can be very hot during the month of May. The sweltering temperature of the sun becomes somewhat horrendous for the animals as well as the residents. Also, a hot wind simply known as loo, blows throughout the day, during summers. As a result wild animals can easily viewed beside water bodies.
The beginning of the monsoon is witnessed in mid-June, which ends up to October. The rain showers carry breathing space to the parching landscape from the burning heat. The climate becomes fairly pleasant with the drop in temperature. Though, most of the parts of Corbett national park is closed for the visitors throughout the rainy season as this is the mating season of most of the animals. To one side, the area is also horizontal to soil erosion and landslides which can prove to be risky. During monsoons, the moisture soars up to 98 percent, makes the weather very humid.
Starts from November to February, winters are ideal to discover the wildlife zones of the park. The park heartily welcomes all the tourists this time. The climate is temperate during this time of the year. The moisture level also falls down to about 57%. Animals are also effortlessly visible during this time as they come out to laze around in the sun. While the days are pleasant, the nights are quite cold. The night temperature can drop down to 5 o C. A cold wind known as 'dadu' blows in the region, throughout the night, lowering the temperature significantly.